Grade Replacement Opportunity (GRO) & Repeats

Grade Replacement Opportunity (GRO)

Grade Replacement Opportunity (GRO) offers students the ability to replace grades of C, D, and E by repeating the course.  Grades earned using the GRO will replace one previous grade for the course in calculating the grade point average (GPA), even if the grade from the repeated attempt is lower than the first attempt. Both the original grade and the grade from the repeated attempt remain on the academic record. Courses eligible for GRO will be listed in the student's UAcces Student Center. For details, see the undergraduate GRO policy in the catalog.  A separate policy exists for Law students in the JD program; see the Law College dean's office for details.

Graduate, Medicine, Pharmacy, and Veterinary Medicine students are not eligible for GRO

Grade Replacement Opportunity Guide

Course Repeat Policies

  • Courses may be repeated only once, regardless of the grade earned.
  • Grades of “A” or “B” may not be repeated.

For more details, please see the official Academic Catalog policy.

In accordance with catalog policy, you cannot register online for courses which will result in an invalid repeat. In order to enroll in a course you will be repeating for the third time (fourth attempt), or in a course you have been advised to retake in which you originally earned a grade of “A” or “B,” the procedure is as follows:

  1. If you have questions about whether a repeated course will apply toward your degree or how the GPA units will be counted, see your academic advisor.
  2. See the offering department for approval to take the class.
  3. If the offering department approves, they will notify the Office of the Registrar.
  4. The Office of the Registrar will code your record to allow enrollment in the upcoming course and will notify you by your official university email that you are eligible to enroll.
  5. You may enroll in the class online or the department can enroll you.

(Please keep in mind that you will not earn credit for the repeated class although, it will count in your cumulative GPA.)

Request for Exception to UA Course Repeat Policy

GRO requests may now be submitted through UAccess Student during filing periods. A GRO tab has been added to UAccess Student Center for undergraduate students only. Students who wish to file a GRO will access this tab to submit a GRO request during the GRO filing period for each eligible course. The process is the same for both Regular Dated Classes and Dynamically Dated Classes. Please see GRO Filing Deadlines.

  1. Register for the repeated course.
  2. Access the GRO tab in UAccess Student.
  3. Read and accept the GRO Policy terms.
  4. Complete the GRO request.
  • The original course is still graded as Incomplete ("I").
  • The repeat course is not equivalent to the original course.
  • You have already completed the maximum of three courses under the GRO option.
  • You have already received a bachelor's degree from the University of Arizona, thus, are ineligible for the GRO option.
  • The course was already repeated under GRO in a previous semester.
  • You are attempting to GRO a class with a W grade. 


As a result of GRO, a student's cumulative GPA is typically recalculated at the end of each terms' grade processing - this is when final grades are available.

See the Dates & Deadlines page for more information on when final grades are available for each term.

A student’s academic eligibility is not changed if a grade earned in a GRO raises their GPA to 2.0 or higher for a previous term. The impact of the GRO would need to make their current cumulative GPA a 2.0 or higher at the time academic standing is assigned in order to return the student to Eligible.